Thiruvattaru is one of the 108 divya desam temples situated in Tamil Nadu near Kerala border. It is surrounded on three sides by three rivers, river Kothai, river Pahrali and river Thamirabarani.
As per legends,Lord Brahma performed a Yagna without Saraswathi and as a result of Saraswathi's anger, two asuras by name Kesan and Kesi emerged out of the Yaga agni. Kesi was giving problems to the Devas.Sri MahaVishnu fought with him pushed him and laid over him. Kesi's wife Asoori prayed to river Ganga.Ganga then along with Tamirabharani swelled and rushed towards this place. Goddess Bhumadevi raised the land where MahaVishnu was lying like a small hillock and the gushing rivers went past the hillock on either sides in the shape of a garland. Hence this place came to be called as Thiru Vattaru ( Vatta means circle ,Aru means river)
Because Sri Mahavishnu subdued AdiKesi, perumal here is called as Adi Kesava Perumal.
The temple is built in Kerala Temple Architecture style, with wooden pillars, doors and roofs. This temple is older than Sri Padmanabha Swamy Temple at Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvattaru's temple structure is similar to that of Padmanabha Swamy Temple. The style and the architechture of this temple is taken as the blueprint sample to construct the Padmanabha Swamy Temple. The idol of Adikesava Perumal and Sree Padmanabha swamy are positioned in such a way that they face each other. Here also the Lord is seen in lying posture but his head facing towards west. The Lord who is 22 feet in length here is seen lying on His snake bed,AdiSeshan which is said to be made of mustard,lime powder and jaggery strengthened with 16008 salagramams. Here you have to have darshan of the perumal through three doors, His feet through one door,His arms through one door and His face through one door.There you can see Lord Shiva in Lingam form near the Lord Adikesava Perumal inside the sannidhi.
Historical facts and scriptures say that,during 1740 the men of the Nawab of Arcot looted this temple and the golden utsavar. As it was so heavy to carry,he kept the idol along with rubbish in a lumber room so it can be taken later. Every day, the idol would rise and come on top of the debris. During that time, the Nawab's wife became seriously ill which could not be cured by anyone. Adi Kesava Perumal appeared in the dreams of the temple priest and asked him to go to the Nawab and inform him that if the idol was returned, his wife would be cured. The Nawab repented for his acts and returned the idol and his wife was cured. The grateful Nawab gifted a silver plate and a cap to Perumal and even today this is used at the time of Seeveli everyday.He also provided funds for conducting annual puja,Thiru Alla Pooja.
The outer corridors are beautifully architectured with each of the pillar having 222 'Paavais with vilakku' (females carrying lamp on their hands).
There is a sannidhi for Krishnan,and sannidhi for Lord Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy near the river opposite to the Adikesava Perumal Temple.
The Moolavar Adikesava Perumal. He is found in sleeping posture with his head resting on his arm facing the east. Prathyaksham for Chandran,Parasuramar.
Thayaar Maragathavalli Nachiyaar.
Mangalaasasanam The temple is revered by the verses of Nammalwar
Temple location The temple is around 6 km from Marthandam and 30 km from Nagercoil (in Kanyakumari district, Tamil Nadu),46 kms from Thiruvanathapuram.
Temple Timings The temple is open from 5:30 AM till 12:00 noon and from 5:00 pm till 8:30 pm
How to reach?
Thiruvattaru is 30kms from Nagerkoil and 50kms from Thiruvanathapuram. The nearest airport is Thiruvananthapuram.Nearest Railway Station is Kulithurai (Marthandam)
State: Tamil Nadu
Famous for: Pilgrimage
Best Season: Throughout the year.
Weather: Summer 33-39°C, Winter 16-28°C . Heavy seasonl rains from June till August
Altitude: Sea level