ThiruVaheendrapuram or Trivendipuram Devanatha Swamy Temple is one of the 108 divya desam temples situated in Tamil Nadu, around seven Kms from the town Cuddalore.
As per legend, Adi Seshan, the five headed serpent of Vishnu created this shrine, hence the name Tiru Vahindrapuram( Vahindran is another name for Adi Seshan).
Historical facts says that the place was originally believed to have been a Shiva temple. A Chola ruler, who was a staunch Saivaite, wanted to demolish the Vishnu temple in his province. Seeing the idols of Ganesha and Dakshinamurthy, which are normally found in Shiva temples, he hesitated and was surprised. It is believed Maha Vishnu himself appeared before the king to acknowledge the oneness of the almighty. The Tri murthy's images on top of the Vimanam and presence ovf Vilva tree substantiates the fact that indeed this was once a Shiva temple along with Vishnu.
The Tiruvahindrapuram temple is huge and has a 60 feet high, 5 tiered rajagopuram and 3 prakarams.The vimaanam above the sanctum has images of Vishnu facing east, Dakshinamurthy facing south, Narasimhan facing west and Bhrahma facing north. There are sannidhis for Ganesha,Pallikonda Perumal, Sri Rama,Andal, AdiKesava Perumal, Azhwars, Hanumar,Swami Desikan and Garuda.The sannidhi of Swami Vedantha Desikan has its own 'Kodi maram' (flag post)
There is a temple for Hyagreeva in a small hillock called Aushadhagiri near the temple. It is beleived that this is where Swami Desikan meditated up on Garuda and obtained the blessings of Garuda and Hyagreevar.
The is the only historical temple in the South India to have sannidhi for Hayagriva, the avatar of Vishnu with horse face. Two asuras in the form of horses, named Madhu and Haitaba, were believed to have stolen the Vedas away from the world. Brahma sought the help of Vishnu who in the form of Hayagriva retreived them. Hayagriva is the God of knowledge and wisdom, who is b restored the Vedas to Brahma. Hayagriva is also called Hayavadhana. Vedanta Desikar has sung about Hayagriva in his works.
Garudan is said to have created the Virajaa theertham (Garuda river) while Adi Seshan is said to have created the Sesha Theertham (Paatala Gangai).
The Moolavar Deivanayagn in nindra thirukolam (standing posture) facing east,and the Utsavar is Devanathan. Prathyaksham for Garuda and Chandran.
Thayaar Hemambhujavalli Thayaar or Vaikunda Nayaki
Mangalaasasanam The temple is revered by the verses of Thirumangai Azhwar
Temple location The temple is around 7 km from Cuddalore town
Temple Timings The temple is open from 5:00 AM till 12:00 noon and from 5:00 pm till 8:30 pm
How to reach?
It is on the outskirts of the Cuddaloretown.Autorickshaws or cab can take you there from the town. There is a railway station called Thirupadripuliyur in Chennai -Trichy main line which is 5kms away from the temple.
State: Tamil Nadu
Famous for: Pilgrimage
Best Season: Throughout the year.
Weather: Summer 33-39°C, Winter 16-28°C . Heavy seasonl rains from June till August
Altitude: Sea level