This divya desam is located in Koviladi which is 10 kms near Trichy and about and 5 kms from Anbil.
This is one the five Pancharanga kshetrams (five abodes of Sri Ranganathan along the course of river Cauvery).The others Srirangapatnam near Mysuru,Karnataka, Srirangam, Kumbakonam and Mayiladuthurai.
This temple is situated on a small hillock, named Indragiri. The presiding deity is Appakkudathaan in a reclining posture holding an 'appa kudam' (pot of appams- a sweet) in one hand.
The legend behind the temple is that a Pandyan king, Upamanyu while hunting killed a brahmin by mistake who was on a tapas on the banks of a river. Grief stricken king renounced his throne and wandered around, finally reaching Tirupper Nagar. One night Lord Siva appeared in the king's dream and asked him to worship Lord Narayana at this kshetram to get rid of the brahmahati dosham. There upon Upamanyu built a temple for Lord Narayana and each day after worship offered food to the athithis along with appam. One day Sriman Narayana came to Upamanyu house disguised as a poor old brahmin and asked for food. The king requested the Brahmin to wait till the other Brahmins also arrived. But the old brahmin said he was too hungry to wait and started eating the food. But to the surprise of Upamanyu the old brahmin ate all the food, and wanted some more. He said, only appams made of ghee will satiate his hunger. The king Upamanyu requested him to take rest and went in to cook appams.
At that time sage Parasarar, who was seeking Lord Vishnu, was directed by Lord Siva to Upamanyu's place to worship the Lord disguised as an old Brahmin. Parasarar went to the king’s house where he saw the old Brahmin lying on a couch holding an appa kudam in one hand. Parasarar approached the brahmin and bowed. There upon Lord Narayana regaining His original form and gave darshan to Parasarar and Upamanyu ,blessed both, and blessed king Upamanyu to get rid of his curse.
Another highlight of this temple is that those who are childless come here and pray to Appakudathan. The archakar (priest) gives the would be mothers , a small beautiful idol of Santhana Gopala Krishnan to hold on their hands. She is also given tulsi leaves as prasad, which she will have to keep it in the pooja room and perform pooja daily, and they are in due course blessed with a child.The blessed couple take back the tulsi leaves to the temple and offer it back to Appakudathan as thanksgiving.
There are sannithis for Ganesha, Anjaneya and Azhwars.
The Moolavar of this sthalam is Sri Appakudathan. Moolavar is in pujanga sayanam (reclining and resting on his arm) thirukkolam facing the west.
Prathyaksham for Parasarar munivar, Upamanyu
The Thayaar in this sthalam is Indradevi,Kamalavalli
Mangalasasanams The temple is revered by the verses of Tirumangai azhwar,Periazhwar,Thirumazhisai azhwar,Nammazhwar
Temple Timings It is normally open from 7 am –12.30pm and 4.30pm-8.30pm
How to reach?
It is situated near Anbil,Lalgudi across the river Kollidam. There are buses from Trichy, Kumbakonam,Tanjore that goes via Koviladi.